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"School of Athens" Fresco in Apostol...

School of Athens” Fresco in Apostolic Palace, Rome, Vatican City, by Raphael 1509 – 1510 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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  • PHILOSOPHY

    "School of Athens" Fresco in Apostol...

    “School of Athens” Fresco in Apostolic Palace, Rome, Vatican City, by Raphael 1509-1510 (Photo credit:Wikipedia)

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    ANAXAGORAS (c.500 – c.428 BC)

    ‘The notion of the indivisible particle’

    Anaxagoras came from Ionia but settled in Athens, where he remained for thirty years and taught both Pericles and Euripides. Charged with impiety because of his theory that the Sun is a red-hot stone (such an explanation, denying the role of Helios the sun-god, was enough to warrant prosecution) he fled Athens before the trial and settled in Asia Minor.
    What we know about Anaxagoras is based on references to him by later writers.

    In the cosmology of Anaxagoras, the Universe began as a homogenous sea of identical basic particles. Nous gave this sea a stir, in the knowledge that in time the particles would so combine to arrange themselves such that everything would be as it is today.

    Picture of a document showing a seal with a likeness of Anaxagoras ©

    Nous was a vital principle akin to the life force of vitalism – the nearest English words being ‘mind’ or ‘intellect’.
    The range of the word ‘Nous’ is vastly greater, however, as it refers to the combination of insight and intuition which permits the apprehension of the fundamental principles of the cosmos – the concept is closer to the oriental idea of ‘seeing’ than the occidental notion of intelligence founded upon EUCLIDEAN LOGIC.

    At the same time, Nous could be the creative, motive intelligence behind the cosmos, almost indistinguishable from the Christian concept of the will of God.

    Bust said to be of ANAXAGORAS ©

    ANAXAGORAS

    Wikipedia-logo © (link to wikipedia)

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    PRELUDE

    IMHOTEP (c.2650 BCE)

    Photograph of King Huni pyramid at Maydoum the 3rd dynasty Old Kingdom at Elfayom (427 x 500) ©

    ‘Architect of civilisation’

    Medical sage, astronomer, mathematician, architect

    Architect of the first pyramid built during the reign of the second pharaoh of the Third Dynasty, with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt.
    Came to be revered as a god of healing and identified by the Greeks with their own Aesculapius.

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    School of Athens by Raphael

    School of Athens by Raphael

    School of Athens by Raphael


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    "School of Athens" Fresco in Apostol...

    “School of Athens” Fresco in Apostolic Palace, Rome, Vatican City, by Raphael 1509-1510 (Photo credit:Wikipedia)

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    • THE FIRST MILLENIUM

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      Image of the 'VITRUVIAN MAN' drawing by LEONARDO DA VINCI

      VITRUVIAN MAN

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