1985 – USA
‘A form of the element carbon exists in which the atoms are arranged in tiny, hollow spheres shaped like soccer-balls’
Carbon may form long chains, but a structure of 60 atoms arrayed in a sphere of interlocking 20 hexagons and 12 pentagons also would form a stable structure.
Such structures are termed ‘buckyballs’ – after architect Buckminster Fuller’s geodesic domes made from glass and metal, which demonstrate a similar structure on a macroscopic scale.
- Researchers Unravel Twenty-Five-Year-Old Riddle of Buckyball Formation (spectrum.ieee.org)
- New form of carbon is so hard it can indent diamond (physicsworld.com)