IVAN PAVLOV (1849-1936)

1903 – Russia

photographic portrait of IVAN PAVLOV ©


‘A conditioned reflex is a learnt response to an environmental stimulus’

The process of learning to connect a stimulus to a reflex is called conditioning.

An innate or built-in reflex is something we do automatically without thinking (such as moving our hand away from a flame).

Photograph of Ivan Pavlov and his staff c1925. Pavlov whose views formed the foundation of behaviorism believed that learning consisted of a series of conditioned responses.

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